Rawley Silver, Ed.D., ATR-BC, HLM


Identifying Risks for Aggression and Depression Through Drawings and Metaphors

Identifying Risks for Aggression and Depression Through Metaphors, The Mouse,The Bride, and the Use of Humor
In this book, Rawley Silver proposes that responses to a stimulus-drawing task tend to be metaphors that provide access to fantasies and can help in identifying children,adolescents,and adults at risk for harming others or themselves. Respondents tend to perceive the same stimulus-drawings differently. They also seem to represent the subjects they choose as metaphors for themselves and others, just as viewers tend to perceive their metaphorical meanings. Responses are assessed for their self-images and emotional content,and if they suggest humorous intent, the use of humor based on rating scales that range from strongly negative,such as suicidal or homicidal fantasies, scored 1 point; to strongly positive, such as caring relationships or playful humor (5 points).

The Silver Drawing Test and Draw A Story, Assessing Depression, Aggression,and Cognitive Skills
In The Silver Drawing Test and Draw a Story, Rawley Silver draws on her years of experience using therapeutic art with hearing-impaired children, stroke patients, and others with learning disabilities or emotional disturbances as well as students with no known impairments. The book’s original art assessments use stimulus drawings to elicit responses that provide access to fantasies and attitudes toward self and others, while also testing for the ability to solve problems and convey ideas. It assesses three fundamental structures from which reading, math and all branches of knowledge are said to be generated - concepts of space, sequential order, and class inclusion. It is based on the premise that cognitive skills can be evident in visual as well as verbal conventions, and that these skillls can be identified, assessed, and developed through drawing.
In addition, the assessments have served to identify children and adolescents at risk for violent behavior and/or masked depression. Thoroughly updated from Silver’s earlier works, this new book includes techniques for assessing aggression and depression that may lead to violence in schools and suicide among children and adolescents. It also addresses important gender and age differences, incorporating new information and updated studies by mental health practitioners in Russia,Thailand, Brazil, Australia, and other countries as well as the U.S.A. It also provides art procedures for developing cognitive and creative skills. Silver has provided an invaluable resource for assessing emotional, cognitive, and creative content.

Aggression and Depression Assessed Through Art; Using Draw-A-Story to Identify children and Adolescents at Risk
Recently, Dr. Rawley Silver began investigating the use of her Draw-a-Story Test(DAS) as a screening technique to help identify children and adolescents at risk for harming others. Previously, she developed the DAS assessment to identify those at risk for harming themselves.

The book examines the responses, fantasies, and histories of students who have been aggressive and compares them with students who have not, and includes over 90 drawings by aggressive and depressed students. The findings are based on a sample of over 200 students aged 8 to 19 in experimental and control groups. Using both quantitative and qualitative research, the book presents significant differences
between aggressive and non-aggressive groups. In addition, chapters by Dr. Silver and her colleagues compare subgroups and individuals across genders and cultures.They also analyze changes and consistencies in emotional states. Building on a pilot study, this book provides procedures for administering the test and assessing emotional content, self-images, and the use of humor, using rating scales that range from strongly negative (1 point) to strongly positive (5 points).

The use of DAS as an early indicatorof potentially violent or suicidal behavior has wide-ranging implications and provides a tool that can be used to identify and treat children and adolescents at risk.

Art as Language, Access to Thoughts and Feelings through Stimulus Drawings

“Dr. Silver explains that the book originated from her years as an art therapist and educator working with children who experienced auditory or language disorders or other communication deficits. The author uses actual case examples and illustrations to explain how children blocked from communicating verbally are able to create a parallel visual dialogue.”
--NAEA News, A Publication of the National Art Education Association.

Developing Cognitive and Creative Skills Through Art, Programs for children with communication disorders or learning disabilities

“How and why readers can use art procedures to assess and develop cognitive skills and emotional strengths. This third, revised edition updates research studies using the procedures.”
--American Journal of Art Therapy

“For many years, Dr. Rawley A Silver has shared with us her knowledge and experiences as an artist, educator, therapist, and researcher….We have waited for years for a book containing such a wealth of objective and quantitative information on this subjects. The waiting has been well worth while.”
--The Arts in Psychotherapy

"Dr. Rawley Silver's latest book,  Identifying Risks for Aggression and Depression Through Metaphors: The Mouse, The Bride, and the Use of Humor is a visually and metaphorically fascinating guide to the Draw A Story Assessment (DAS).  It serves as a concise refresher for seasoned professionals, without the psychometric graphs or charts included in her previous publications. The presentation of this book also provides a gentle introduction for other clinicians, educators, students, and art therapists who are new to the field. Dr. Silver's presentation of the material is eloquent and interesting to read." -Cheryle Earwood in the November issue of the journal, The Arts in Psychotherapy (Volume 37, issue 5)
"Dr. Silver's contributions to the fields of education,art therapy,and counseling cannot be measured. Her work consistently integrates creative methods with extensive research. The assessment tools she has developed are used internationally. This, her latest publication,is a most welcome addition to the literature and is sure to be appreciated by mental health professionals,as well as students and faculty within a wide range of human services." - Christine Turner LPC NCC ATR-BC, Chairperson, Department of Graduate Studies, Art Therapy, Marylhurst University "For decades,the groundbreaking Silver Drawing Test and Draw a Story by Dr.Rawley Silver has been an essential and reliable assessment tool used for diagnosing thousands of students by the clinical art therapists in Miami Dade County Public Schools. In this book, Dr. Silver analyzes the themes and implications behind her most commonly used stimulus drawings worldwide. As with Carl Jung's archetypes, the drawings and stories in this book have universal meanings." -Melinda Fedorko, ATR-BC, LMFT, NBCT, Board Certified Art Therapist and National Board Certified Teacher, Miami Dade County Public Schools "Written by one of our forerunners in the field of art therapy, Rawley Silver continues to provide evidence-based research to the art therapy profession. Using her own developed stimulus drawings and their metaphorical associations, she draws upon neuroscience and empathy to assess human behavior. Her findings lay a brilliant platform on which the mercurial aspect of clinical diagnosis can be more readily accessible." -Poppy Scheibel, M.S., ATR, CPC, Florida Art Therapy Association President Elect -
To order, contact
Purple French Press
(315) 445-8087

“Silver’s new book is an indispensable resource for all art therapists, as well anyone who works with at-risk youth. This is an exceptional reworking of her earlier work and includes new research, a wealth of applications in a range of settings, and a dynamic synthesis of Silver’s lifework.” - Donna Kaiser, Ph.D., ATR-BC, LPC, LMFT, Director of the Graduate Art Therapy Program at Albertus Magnus College  “This new book, which constitutes a compilation of major work by this brilliant author, is stunning in its scope. These assessment methods and research studies offer a unique and balanced blend of art and science that affords an understanding of both individual and universal elements of human emotion and cognition.” - Annette Shore, MA, ATR-BC, NCC, LPC, Marylhurst University, Graduate Program in Art Therapy Counseling  “This book is an extraordinary accomplishment! Rawley Silver’s tools for identifying, assessing, and supporting children and adolescents at risk for violent behavior are a model for combining quantitative findings with qualitative analysis. I highly recommend this volume.” - Amy Ione, Director of the Diatrope Institute  “This is an exceptionally rich and useful book that is on the cutting edge of art therapy quantitative and qualitative research. In this complete and comprehensive book, Silver shares the best of her work thus far. I strongly recommend it be added to every professional library.” - Patricia St. John, EdD, ATR-BC, LCAT, immediate past-chair of the AATA Research Committee and Program Coordinator for the graduate art therapy programs at the College of New Rochelle
To order, contact:
Routledge, NYC
(800) 634-7064 International (859) 528-2230

Another major contribution to the art therapy and counseling literature by one of the most highly esteemed writers and researchers in the field." Christine Turner, LPC, NCC, ATR-BC, ACS, Chairperson, Department of Art Therapy, Marylhurst University.

“Today, as a decade ago, Silver’s book represents a landmark in the development of art therapy”
--ARTherapy, Journal of the American Art Therapy Association.

“studies based on the ‘premise that art can be a language parallel to the written word’”
-NAEA News, A Publication of the National Art Education Association.